MAP Presentations and Publications


Fachard, S., 2013. “Eleutherai as the Gates to Boeotia.” Revue des études militaires anciennes 6: 81-106.

Fachard, S., A.R. Knodell, and E. Banou.  2015. “The 2014 Season of the Mazi Archaeological Project, Northwest Attica, Greece.” Antike Kunst 58: 178-186.

Knodell, A.R., S. Fachard, and K. Papangeli. 2016. “The 2015 Mazi Archaeological Project: Regional Survey in Northwest Attica (Greece).” Antike Kunst 59: 132-152.


Fachard, S., A.R. Knodell, and E. Banou. 2015. “The Mazi Archaeological Project: Regional Survey on the Borders of Attica.” Paper presented at the 116th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, New Orleans, 8-11 January 2015.

Fachard, S., and A.R. Knodell. 2015. “Out of Attica: Modeling Mobility in the Mycenaean Bronze Age.” Paper presented at Athens and Attica in Prehistory, Athens, Greece, 27-31 May 2015.

Knodell, A.R., S. Fachard, and K. Papangeli. 2016. “The 2015 Mazi Archaeological Project: A Report on the Second Field Season.” 117th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, San Francisco, 6-9 January 2016.

Vandarakis, D., N. Liosis, K. Pavlopoulos, S. Fachard, and A.R. Knodell. 2014. “Geomorphological Mapping of the Mazi-Oinoe Area, Northwest Attica Greece.” Paper presented at the 10th International Congress of the Hellenic Geographical Society, 22-24 October 2014.


3rd Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquties of Greece:

Swiss School of Archaeology in Greece:

The Borders of Attica Project:



This is a selective list of bibliography relevant to the Mazi Plain and surrounding areas.  We hope it is of use to project members and other scholars interested in the area.  Please contact Sylvian Fachard or Alex Knodell if you would like to suggest any additions.

Aravantinos, V. L. 2006. “A New Inscribed Kioniskos from Thebes.” BSA 101: 369-377 (see also SEG LVI, 521)Benson, E.F. 1895. “Aigosthena.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 15:314-324.

Beschi, L. “La fortezza Ellenica di Gyphtokastro.” Acta of the VIII Scientific Congress of the International Castle Institute (1968) 1-19.

Camp, J.McK. 1991. “Notes on the Towers and Borders of Classical Boeotia.” American Journal of Archaeology 95(2):193-202.

Chandler, L. 1926. “The North-West Frontier of Attica.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 46(1):1-21.

Cooper, F.A. 2000. “The Fortifications of Epaminondas and the Rise of the Monumental Greek City.” In City Walls: The Urban Enceinte in Global Perspective, edited by J.D. Tracy, 155-191. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dow, S. 1942. “The Aigaleos-Parnes Wall.” Hesperia 11(2):191-221.

Edmonson, C. 1966. “The Topography of Northwest Attica.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley.

Erhardt, C.T.H.R. 1990. “Cleisthenes and Eleutherae.” Ancient History Bulletin 4:23.

Fachard, S., 2013. “Eleutherai as the Gates to Boeotia”, Revue des études militaires anciennes 6: 81-106.

Garlan, Y. 1973. Recherches de poliorcétique grecque. Paris: Ecole française d’Athènes.

Gerstel, S.E.J., M. Munn, H.E. Grossman, E. Barnes, A.H. Rohn, and M.Kiel. 2003. “A Late Medieval Settlement at Panakton.” Hesperia 72(2):147-234.

Giannoulidou, K. 1964. “Aigosthena.” Platon 16:143-174.

Hammond, N.G.L. 1954. “The Main Road from Boeotia to the Peloponnese through the Northern Megarid.” Annual of the British School at Athens49:103-122.

Harding, P. 1988. “Athenian Defensive Strategy in the Fourth Century.” Phoenix 42(1):61-71.

———. 1990. “Athenian Defensive Strategy Again.” Phoenix 44(4):377-380.

Heilen, M. and J.H. Altschul. 2013. “The Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analysis.” Advances in Archaeological Practice: Journal of the Society for American Archaeology 2:121-138.

Hornbostel, W. 1984, Jahrbuch des Museums für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg 3: 176-179.

Jones, J.E., L.H. Sackett, and C.W.J. Elliot. 1957. “τὸ Δέμα: A Survey of the Aigaleos-Parnes Wall.” Annual of the British School at Athens 52:152-189.

Jones, J.E., L.H. Sackett, and A.J. Graham. 1962. “The Dema House in Attica.” Annual of the British School at Athens 57:75-114.

Langdon, M.K. 1982. “Some Attic Walls.” Hesperia 19:88-98, 215-219.

Lauter, H. 1992. “Some Remarks on Fortified Settlements in the Attic Countryside.” In Fortifications Antiquae, edited by S. van de Maele and J.M. Fossey, 77-91. Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben.

McNicoll, A. 1986. “Developments in Techniques of Siegecraft and Fortification in the Greek World ca. 400-100 B.C.” In La fortification dans l’histoire du monde grec, edited by P. Leriche and H. Tréziny. Paris: CNRS.

Munn, M. 1983. “Studies on the Territorial Defenses of Fourth-Century Athens.” PhD Diss. University of Pennsylvania.

———. 1993. The Defense of Attica: The Dema Wall and the Boeotian War of 378-375 B.C. Berkeley: University of California Press.

———. 1996a. “New Light on Panakton and the Attic-Boiotian Frontier.” In Boiotika, Vorträge vom 5. Internationalen Böotien-Kolloquium, München, 13.-17. Juni 1986., edited by H. Beister, 231-244. Munich: Institut für Alte Geschichte.

———. 1996b. “The First Excavations at Panakton on the Attic-Boeotian Frontier.” Boeotia Antiqua 6: 47-58.

———. 2002. “Thucydides on Plataea, the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War, and the ‘Attic Question’.” In OIKISTES: Studies in Constitutions, Colonies, and Military Power in the Ancient World, Offered in Honor of A.J. Graham, edited by V.B. Gorman and E.W. Robinson, 245-269. Leiden: Brill.

———. 2010. “Panakton and Drymos: A Disputed Frontier.” In Attika: Archäologie einer “zentralen” Kulturlandschaft: Akten der internationalen Tagung vom 18.-20. Mai 2007 im Marburg, edited by H. Lohmann and T. Mattern, 189-200. Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz Verlag.

Munn, M.H., and M.L.Z. Munn. 1989. “Studies on the Attic-Boiotian Frontier: The Stanford Skourta Plain Project, 1985.” Boeotia Antiqua I: Papers on Recent Work in Boeotian Archaeology and History, edited by J.M. Fossey, 73-127. Amsterdam: J.C. Gieber.

———. 1990. “On the Frontiers of Attica and Boiotia: The Results of the Stanford Skourta Plain Project.” In Essays in the Topography, History and Archaeology of Boiotia, edited by A. Schachter, 33-40. Teiresias Supplement 3. Montreal: Department of Classics, McGill University.

Μπαζιωτοπούλου Βαλαβάνη, E. 2008. Μεγαρίς. Τόποι, μνημεία, διαδρομές, Αθήνα.

Nielsen, N.H. and Kristiansen, S.M. 2014. “Identifying ancient manuring: traditional phosphate vs. multi-element analysis of archaeological soil.” Journal of Archaeological Science 42:390-398.

Ober, J. 1983. “Two Ancient Watchtowers above Aigosthena in the Northern Megarid.” American Journal of Archaeology 87(3):387-392.

———. 1985. Fortress Attica: Defense of the Athenian Land Frontier, 404-322 BC. Leiden: Brill.

———. 1987a. “Pottery and Miscellaneous Artifacts from Fortified Sites in Northern and Western Attica.” Hesperia 56:197-228.

———. 1987b. “Towards a Typology of Greek Artillery Towers: The First and Second Generation (c. 375-275 B.C.).” In Fortifications Antiquae, edited by S. van de Maele and J.M. Fossey, 147-169. Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben.

———. 1989. “The Defense of the Athenian Land Frontier, 404-322 B.C.: A Reply.” Phoenix 43(4):294-301.

Rihll, T.E. 2006. “On Artillery Towers and Catapault Sizes.” Annual of the British School at Athens 101:379-383.

Sakelleriou, M., and N. Pharaklas. 1972. Megaris, Aigosthena, Ereneia. Athens

Stikas, E.G. 1938. “Ανασκαφή “Ελευθερών (Πανάκτου),” PAAH: 41-49.

———. 1939. “Ανασκαφή “Ελευθερών” PAAH: 44-52.

———. 1940. “Anaskaphe ‘Eleutheron’ (Panaktou).” PAAH: 16-17.

Vanderpool, E. 1978. “Roads and Forts in Northwestern Attica.” California Studies in Classical Antiquity 11:227-245.

Winter, F. 1997. “The Use of Artillery in Fourth-Century and Hellenistic Towers.” Echos du monde classique 41:247-292.

Wrede, W. 1933. Attische Mauern. Athens: Deutsches Archäologische Institut.